70 - Walls of upper city of Jerusalem battered down by Roman army
1290 - Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
1540 - Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
1605 - The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
1777 - British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution
1821 - Mexican Empire declares its independence; Mexican revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw.
1905 - The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².
1922 - King Constantine I of Greece abdicates
1928 - The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.
1938 - League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China.
1988 - The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded in Burma (Myanmar)
1998 - Google is launched.